12 XI 1989

Courage and Reconciliation

Courage and Reconciliation

Krzyżowa

Krzyżowa

Mass of Reconciliation

Mass of Reconciliation

2–10 October

the ninth round of meetings between the prime ministers’ plenipotentiaries, Mieczysław Pszon and Horst Teltschik, regarding the visit of German Chancellor Helmut Kohl to Poland. The German party was inclined to support the proposal of Bishop Alfons Nossol, and suggest that the chancellor attend a German-speaking mass for the German minority, which would be held on St Anne Mountain.

1 November

Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki is concerned that the choice of St Anne Mountain, where Poles and Germans fought over Silesia shortly after World War I, may spark conflicts in Poland. He proposes Krzyżowa (Kreisau) instead. Mieczysław Pszon discusses the matter with Bishop Nossol.

3. November

Prime Minister Mazowiecki calls Chancellor Kohl and suggests that the Polish-German Reconciliation Mass to be celebrated in Krzyżowa (Kreisau).

5. November

the Voivode of Wałbrzych meets Fr. Kałuża and informs him of plans for a Mass of Reconciliation in Krzyżowa. He assigns him and the Wrocław Catholic Intellectuals’ Club to organise the event.

6. November

Chancellor Kohl invites von Moltke family to Krzyżowa (Kreisau). Von Moltke’s decline: “It is only the Poles who can invite us to Poland”.

9. November

Chancellor Kohl officially arrives to Poland. During a party that evening he learns of the fall of the Berlin Wall.

10. November

Chancellor Kohl cuts his visit short and returns to Berlin. The next day he returns to Krzyżowa.

12. November

Due to adverse weather conditions in Warsaw, flights are cancelled. Kohl and his delegation commute by bus during the night, while Tadeusz Mazowiecki travels by train. The Mass of Reconciliation, concelebrated in Polish and German by Alfons Nossol, the Bishop of Opole, together with bishops Tadeusz Rybak, Heinz-Georg Binder, and Father Bogusław Kałuża, starts at 10 o’clock. Prior to this, Bishop Nossol is asked by Security Services officers (Służba Bezpieczeństwa, or SB), whether the Mass must be accompanied by the sign of peace. The Bishop firmly refuses to resign from it.

14 November

Warsaw A mutual declaration was signed by Prime Minister of Poland Tadeusz Mazowiecki and Chancellor of Germany, Helmut Kohl.

After the Mass of Reconciliation, Prime Minster Mazowiecki and Chancellor Kohl decide to found a Polish-German youth centre in Krzyżowa. On 17 July 1990, as a result of considerable efforts by the Wrocław Catholic Intellectuals’ Club, the Krzyżowa Foundation of Mutual Understanding officially begins operations.

14 November

Polish and German foreign ministers (Krzysztof Skubiszewski and Hans Dietrich Genscher) sign the German-Polish Border Treaty.

Heroes of Reconciliation

Heroes of Reconciliation

Contact

Contact

More information about the exhibition:
Polish History Museum
35 Senatorska Street
PL-00-099 Warsaw
Tel: 0048 22 211 90 02
E-Mail: info@muzhp.pl

Visits to the exhibition:
Krzyżowa Foundation for Mutual Understanding in Europe
Krzyżowa 7
PL-58-112 Grodziszcze
Tel: 00 48 74 85 00 300, 00 48 74 85 00 200
Fax: 00 48 74 85 00 305
E-Mail: sekretariat@krzyzowa.org.pl

Exhibition organized by the Museum of Polish History in Warsaw in cooperation with the Krzyżowa Foundation for Mutual Understanding in Europe with funding from the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland.